Various causes have moved ever more women and girls from all over the world in the last two decades to seek their livelihood in Western Europe.
Migration can offer them a new chance in life, but also carries the risk of being traded with or be subjected to economic or sexual exploitation. The United Nations refers to these cases as a "contemporary form of slavery" and thus a human rights violation.
Neither the UN protocol against human trafficking, nor the EU directives and the new criminal acts recorded in the Penal Code (§ § 232, 233, 233a), that include, since February of this year, all forms of labor exploitation, have been the subject of public debate in Germany to date. It is time to publicly debate the relationship between migration and trafficking, how to combat it and how to support its victims.
We present here the Cologne counselling concept for people without papers, which has been developed by Cologne refugee organizations.These refugee organizations have become especially mobilized in the last two decades, as more and more women and girls from all over the world come to seek their livelihood in Western Europe.
Support for Sickness & Medical Problems:
School Attendance for Children: in NRW, parents are not legally required to give their legal residence status when registering their children for school. That way, the children have the right to attend school without the fear of deportation.
Right to Wages: in addition, people without legal residence status have the right to sue for their wages. Given their oft-precarious situation, this can be difficult to accomplish, but it is possible.
Many migrant women are looking for an opportunity to better their living conditions and find protection, and illegalization puts a heavy burden on their shoulders. When women are criminalized for having no papers, they become susceptible to blackmail.